Comet-Asteroid Missions: Giotto, Hayabusa, Deep Impact, Stardust, Rosetta, Dawn, Epoxi, Rosetta Space Probe Timeline, Vega Program Source Wikipedia

ISBN: 9781157479444

Published: August 13th 2011

Paperback

38 pages


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Comet-Asteroid Missions: Giotto, Hayabusa, Deep Impact, Stardust, Rosetta, Dawn, Epoxi, Rosetta Space Probe Timeline, Vega Program  by  Source Wikipedia

Comet-Asteroid Missions: Giotto, Hayabusa, Deep Impact, Stardust, Rosetta, Dawn, Epoxi, Rosetta Space Probe Timeline, Vega Program by Source Wikipedia
August 13th 2011 | Paperback | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, audiobook, mp3, RTF | 38 pages | ISBN: 9781157479444 | 8.17 Mb

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 37. Chapters: Giotto, Hayabusa, Deep Impact, Stardust, Rosetta, Dawn, EPOXI, Rosetta space probe timeline, VegaMorePlease note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 37. Chapters: Giotto, Hayabusa, Deep Impact, Stardust, Rosetta, Dawn, EPOXI, Rosetta space probe timeline, Vega program, Comet Rendezvous Asteroid Flyby, International Cometary Explorer, Marco Polo Mission, Vega 1, Vega 2, Suisei, Sakigake, Osiris mission.

Excerpt: Hayabusa, literally peregrine falcon) was an unmanned spacecraft developed by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency to return a sample of material from a small near-Earth asteroid named 25143 Itokawa to Earth for further analysis. Hayabusa, formerly known as MUSES-C for Mu Space Engineering Spacecraft C, was launched on 9 May 2003 and rendezvoused with Itokawa in mid-September 2005. After arriving at Itokawa, Hayabusa studied the asteroids shape, spin, topography, colour, composition, density, and history.

In November 2005, it landed on the asteroid and collected samples in the form of tiny grains of asteroidal material, which were returned to Earth aboard the spacecraft on 13 June 2010. The spacecraft also carried a detachable minilander, MINERVA, but this failed to reach the surface.

Denis J. P. Moura (left) and Junichiro Kawaguchi (right) at the 2010 International Astronautical Congress (IAC)Other spacecraft, notably Galileo and NEAR Shoemaker both sent by NASA, have visited asteroids before, but the Hayabusa mission was the first time that an attempt was made to return an asteroid sample to Earth for analysis. In addition, Hayabusa was the first spacecraft designed to deliberately land on an asteroid and then take off again (NEAR Shoemaker made a controlled descent to the surface of 433 Eros in 2000, but it was not designed as a lander and was eventually deactivated after it arrived).

Technically, Hayabusa was not designed to land- it simply touches the surface with its sample capturing device and then moves away. However, it was the first craft designed fro...



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